If a child has lost both parents or step-parents

If a child has lost both parents, which includes step-parents, the child can qualify for an orphan’s benefit.

When can an orphan’s benefit be paid?

A child can only receive an orphan’s benefit if the parent who died last was insured under the Anw scheme. (People who live or work in the Netherlands are usually insured).

There are no extra conditions while the child is under 16. This changes when the child reaches the age of 16. Orphan benefit always stops when the child reaches the age of 21.

An orphan aged 16 or 17 can get an orphan’s benefit if:

  • they go to school everyday to study for a basic qualification, or
  • they are exempted from having to get a basic qualification, or
  • they continue to attend full-time education after obtaining a basic qualification

But if the orphan is the person who looks after the household, the orphan can receive an orphan benefit if:

  • they are unmarried, do not live with a partner, and spend more than half their time running the household, and
  • the household contains another child who receives an orphan’s benefit, e.g. a brother or sister, and
  • the orphan who looks after the household has already got a basic qualification, or is not obliged to get a basic qualification (exemption)

An orphan can receive an orphan’s benefit if they are in full-time education.

But if the orphan is the person who looks after the household, the orphan can receive an orphan benefit if:

  • they are unmarried, do not live with a partner, and spend more than half their time running the household, and
  • the household contains another child who receives an orphan’s benefit, e.g. a brother or sister, and
  • the orphan who looks after the household has already got a basic qualification, or is not obliged to get a basic qualification (exemption)